Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) plays an important role in equipping individuals with relevant skills and knowledge for the labor market and also fostering the competitiveness of the economy. TVET can also better enable individuals to participate in social, economic and technological innovation processes. Many, both in the developed and developing worlds, are increasing the emphasis they place on improving the capacity of TVET systems in recognition of the function of TVET. Therefore, embedding TVET into regional and national innovation structures is of crucial importance to the economic performance and social development of countries. In fact, an overall improvement in vocational skills for employability and citizenship can only be realized if there is an improvement in the quality, effectiveness and relevance of teaching and learning.
A key role improving the quality and status of TVET play the teacher and instructors who shall have profound subject matter, pedagogical and practical knowledge and skills as well as acting on the basis of educational values and right attitudes. In order to help strengthen and upgrade technical and vocational education, it is clear the establishment and implementation of a high quality study program for TVET professionals has much to contribute in this regard.
Establishing a new study program for TVET professionals in technical fields is a goal in Ethiopia. In this document we present the new three year Bachelor program in the occupational field of Manufacturing Technology.
Manufacturing as the backbone of various industry, plays an important role in the development of the economy as this sector provides the mobility of the work force, goods and serves as the main support of other sectors in the community. Land Transportation is vital to the day to day activities and needs qualified work force at all levels (skilled workers, technician and engineers). Skilled workers work in maintenance and servicing of the private cars, trucks, delivery vans, taxis to name the few. To maintain the flow of skilled automotive technicians this TVET Institute is mandated to train teachers that produce the said experts. Installing, setting up, operating, maintenance and optimizing electrical and electronic devices, equipment, plant and systems along with skilled workers from other fields or engineers. They might set-up their own company too. Against this background TVET teachers in the field of electrical electronics must train the future work force in a professional manner. Hence the proposal for this curriculum of a TVET study program under manufacturing technology is based on the outcome of the study which justifies the capacity and potential of the department. The graduates of the study program will have profound knowledge and skills in general science and humanities, core and focus of manufacturing technology to include the vocational pedagogy. The latter contains competence in planning, conducting and evaluating learning arrangements and processes in TVET on the basis of occupational standards in order to foster the development of occupational competence as well as personal and social competence and attitudes of students in TVET colleges or other institutions.
Federal TVET Institute is formerly Ethio China Polytechnic College. The TVET institute was established in year 2011 and classes in March 2012 with five programs.
This is to include the manufacturing department together with the Electronics and Communication Technology department. The Ethio-China Polytechnic College was established in 2005. Since then, the department had gone through a series of curricular changes and the program continued for Bachelor in Technical Teachers major in Manufacturing Technology.