Background of the Program

Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) plays an important role in equipping individuals with relevant skills and knowledge for the labor market and also fostering the competitiveness of the economy. TVET can also better enable individuals to participate in social, economic and technological innovation processes. Many, both in the developed and developing worlds, are increasing the emphasis they place on improving the capacity of TVET systems in recognition of the function of TVET. Therefore, embedding TVET into regional and national innovation structures is of crucial importance to the economic performance and social development of countries. In fact, an overall improvement in vocational skills for employability and citizenship can only be realized if there is an improvement in the quality, effectiveness and relevance of teaching and learning.

A key role improving the quality and status of TVET play the teacher and instructors who shall have profound subject matter, pedagogical and practical knowledge and skills as well as acting on the basis of educational values and attitudes. In order to help strengthen and upgrade technical and vocational education, it is clear the establishment and implementation of a high quality study program for TVET professionals has much to contribute in this regard.

Establishing a new study program for TVET professionals in technical fields is a goal in Ethiopia. In this document we present the new three year Bachelor program in the occupational field of Electronics and Communication Technology, Electronics and Communication Technology. Electricity and electronics play an important role in the development of the energy, communication, and industrial and commercial sectors need well qualified work force at all levels (skilled workers, technician and engineers). Skilled workers work in installing, setting up, operating, maintenance and optimizing electrical and electronic devices, equipment, plant and systems along with skilled workers from other fields or engineers. They might set-up their own company too. Against this background TVET teachers in the field of electrical electronics must train the future work force in a professional manner. Hence the proposal for this curriculum of a TVET study program under electrical electronics is based on the outcome of the study which justifies the capacity and potential of the department. The graduates of the study program have profound knowledge and skills in general science, basics of electrical and electronics and in a field of specialization (Electrical and Control technology, Electronics and Communication Technology) and in general science and humanity. The latter contains competence in planning, conducting and evaluating learning arrangements and processes in TVET on the basis of occupational standards in order to foster the development of occupational competence as well as personal and social competence and attitudes of students in TVET colleges or other institutions.